By S M Yentis; Nicholas Hirsch; James K Ip; G B Smith
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Extra info for Anaesthesia and intensive care A-Z : an encyclopaedia of principles and practice
Leissner KB, Mahmood FU (2009). J Anesth; 23: 543–53 Altitude, low. Problems are related to high pressure: those of hyperbaric O2 (see Oxygen, hyperbaric). ◗ inert gas narcosis. g. tremor, disorientation. ◗ pressure reversal of anaesthesia. ◗ effects on equipment: - implosion of glass ampoules. - deflation of air-filled tracheal tube cuffs. - functioning of vaporisers and flowmeters is normal, as above. Alveolar air equation. g. when determining alveolar–arterial O2 difference and shunt fractions.
Another form of the equation allows for differences between inspired and expired gas volumes, and is unaffected by inert gas exchange: P O − PEO 2 alveolar PO2 = PIO2 − PA CO 2 − I 2 PECO 2 where PEO2 = mixed expired PO2 PECO2 = mixed expired PCO2 Alveolar–arterial oxygen difference (A–adO2). Alveolar PO2 minus arterial PO2. Useful as a measure of V/Q mismatch and anatomical shunt. Alveolar PO2 is estimated using the alveolar air equation; arterial PO2 is measured directly. 0 kPa (30 mmHg) in the elderly.
Anaesthetic agent’. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care. Official journal of the Australian Society of Anaesthetists (formed in 1935) since its launch in 1972. Also the official journal of the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society and the New Zealand Society of Anaesthetists. Anaesthesia, balanced, see Balanced anaesthesia Anaesthesia crisis resource management, see Crisis resource management Anaesthesia, depth of. Anaesthesia is generally accepted as being a continuum in which increasing depth of anaesthesia results in loss of consciousness, recall, and somatic and autonomic reflexes.
Anaesthesia and intensive care A-Z : an encyclopaedia of principles and practice by S M Yentis; Nicholas Hirsch; James K Ip; G B Smith