Download e-book for iPad: American Political Parties and Elections: A Very Short by L. Sandy Maisel

By L. Sandy Maisel

ISBN-10: 0195301226

ISBN-13: 9780195301229

Few americans or even fewer voters of alternative countries comprehend the electoral procedure within the usa. nonetheless fewer comprehend the position performed by means of political events within the electoral technique or the ironies in the process. Participation in elections within the usa is way below within the overwhelming majority of mature democracies. might be the reason is, of the inability of pageant in a rustic the place merely events have a real likelihood of successful, although a great number of voters declare allegiance to neither and imagine badly of either. or even the reason is, within the U.S. crusade contributions disproportionately want incumbents in so much legislative elections, or that mostly unregulated teams comparable to the now infamous 527s have as a lot effect at the consequence of a crusade as do the events or the candidates' crusade corporations. learning those elements, you start to get a really transparent photograph certainly of the issues that underlay our a lot trumpeted electoral system.

This Very brief creation introduces the reader to those concerns and extra, delivering an insider's view of the way the process truly works whereas shining a gentle on a few of its flaws. As we input what's bound to be yet one more hugely contested election yr, it truly is extra vital than ever that americans make the effort to benefit the approach that places such a lot of in power.

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However, runoffs are not without problems. Turnout is normally much lower in runoff elections than in the first-round election; intense ideological groups tend to dominate, because they are better able to mobilize their share of the electorate. Experience has also shown that minorities fare poorly in runoff elections. And, of course, runoffs are expensive for candidates to contest and for jurisdictions to administer. More recently reformers have pushed for Instant Runoff Voting (IRV). A variety of alternative means have been proposed to implement a system such as this, but the basic concept is that, in races with more than one candidate, citizens cast votes in which they express their preferences for a first choice, a second choice, and so on.

John Adams, Washington’s vice president and eventual successor, agreed with many of Hamilton’s views, even though he despised him personally. Thomas Jefferson, Washington’s secretary of state, strongly opposed Hamilton’s program but remained in the cabinet out of loyalty to Washington. In Congress, however, the division between followers of Hamilton’s ideas and those of Jefferson’s concept of a more rural, statecentered nation became apparent. The partisan divide grew out of philosophical differences concerning the direction the nation should take.

He resigned his cabinet post and returned to Monticello, his Virginia home. But not for long. Washington announced that he would not seek a third term in 1796. John Adams, as vice president, sought to succeed him, intent on following through with Hamilton’s program, without the presence of Hamilton himself. Congressional opponents of Hamilton’s views organized a campaign for Jefferson by writing to 30 the constituents for support. Adams narrowly beat Jefferson in the election, by three electoral votes; Jefferson conceded to Adams and agreed to serve as his vice president, as specified by the electoral process at that point, an important step in nation building as he acknowledged the legitimacy of the electoral system.

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American Political Parties and Elections: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions) by L. Sandy Maisel

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