Advances in Botanical Research, Vol. 14 - download pdf or read online

By J. A. Callow

ISBN-10: 0120059142

ISBN-13: 9780120059140

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B. Coarse Control . . . . . . . . C. Conclusions . . . . . . . . 68 69 80 85 IV. General Discussion . . . . . . . . References. . . . . . . . . 86 86 11. 52 55 Copyright @ 1987 Academic Press Limited All rights of reproduction in any form reserved. Advances in Botanical Research Vol. 14 ISBN 0-12-005914-2 25 JOHN C . GRAY 26 Higher plants contain a bewildering array of isoprenoid compounds with a wide variety of structures and functions. The presence of high concentrations of some of these compounds in turpentine oil, derived by steam distillation of wood and resin, has given rise to an alternative generic name, the terpenoid compounds.

The conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate, showing the structure of mevinolin, a potent inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase. enzymes, proteolytic or lipolytic, may well modify the HMG-CoA reductase or its membrane environment, thus changing its properties. The enhanced HMG-CoA reductase activity in sweet potato membranes in the presence of bovine serum albumin may be due to effects on such hydrolytic processes (Suzuki and Uritani, 1976). The serum albumin may act as an alternative substrate for proteolytic enzymes, thus relieving proteolytic degradation of HMG-CoA reductase, or as a protein capable of binding free fatty acids of endogenous origin or formed by the action of lipolytic enzymes.

GRAY carrot root enzyme were estimated to be 1X lo-’ M IPP and 1X M FPP, although high concentrations of FPP were inhibitory. The carrot root enzyme was inhibited 94% by 3 X M FPP and 76% by 5 X loV3M pyrophosphate (Nandi and Porter, 1964). , 1984). , 1984), somewhat smaller than the FPP synthetases of castor beans (Green and West, 1974) and pea seedlings (Allen and Banthorpe, 1980). , 1983b) and sage (Salvia officinalis) leaves (Croteau and Johnson, 1985), where its product would be required for monoterpene synthesis.

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Advances in Botanical Research, Vol. 14 by J. A. Callow

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