By Federico De Romanis, Marco Maiuro
Across the Ocean comprises 9 essays, every one devoted to a key query within the heritage of the alternate family members among the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean from Antiquity to the Early glossy interval: the position of the kingdom within the crimson Sea exchange, Roman coverage within the crimson Sea, the functionality of Trajan s Canal, the pepper alternate, the pearl alternate, the Nabataean middlemen, using gold in historic India, the consistent renewal of the Indian Ocean ports of exchange, and the increase and loss of life of the VOC."
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Extra info for Across the Ocean: Nine Essays on Indo-Mediterranean Trade
1785 = 31931 (cf. Rougé 1957). 5%. 50 If the quarter-tax was farmed, the State would have been assured of a predictable and very sizeable income, and there would have been great scope for the arabarchs as individuals to make large profits. 51 His other son, M. 52 Apart from the considerable financial profit from customs dues, there were other reasons for the State’s interest in supporting and sustaining this luxury trade with India via the Red Sea. , Ann. 52–55). In 22 ce, the aediles at Rome reported that sumptuary laws were being ignored, and utility prices in markets were rising.
If Trajan’s Canal were indeed navigable, at least during the flood season (July through November) or part of it (August through October), IndoMediterranean trade would have suffered from the imbalance imposed by nature as a result of the lack of synchronization between the flood of the Nile and the respective monsoons. Therefore eastbound trade would have benefited from a navigable canal, while westbound trade would have to have used the desert road. This is what I would call the one-way scenario.
Iust. 7; De Romanis 1998, 51. 59 Cod. Theod. 6 = Cod. Iust. d. 366): imppp. val(entini)anus, val(ens) et grat(ianus) aaa. ad archelaum com(item) orient(is. Ex) praestatione vectigalium nullius omnino nomine qu(ic)quam minuatur, quin octavas solite constitutas om(ne) hominum genus, quod commerciis voluerit interess(e, de) pendat, nulla super hoc militarium exceptione facien(da). p(ro)p(osita) beryto iiii k. feb. post cons. val(entini)ani et valentis aa. conss. ‘The Emperors Valens, Valentinian and Gratian to Arkelaus, Count of the East.
Across the Ocean: Nine Essays on Indo-Mediterranean Trade by Federico De Romanis, Marco Maiuro