By Rosalind Mitchison
An excellent quantity for somebody short of a brisk evaluation of North Britain from the yr dot to the 20th century.
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Additional info for A History of Scotland
It was impossible for the magnates of Scotland not to wonder about the future of the Crown, nor for them to forget that some of them were English barons. A lot of modern national opinion has commented on this lack of patriotism without recognizing that the concept of patriotism was created by the war. National feeling already existed, but when men thought in terms of obligation they thought in feudal terms of fealty, and most of the landowners of Scotland (though not Wallace) had sworn fealty to Edward.
He rode to Scone and was enthroned and crowned as king with as much of the ancient ceremony as could be carried out with several of the Scottish magnates and the Stone of Destiny missing. His rule collapsed almost at once. Edward sent Aylmer of Valence to fight him with no holds barred. The Scots had only begun to learn the military lesson of the War of Independence, to avoid pitched battles, to destroy the castles and rely on the forest, on mobility and difficult terrain, and on scorched earth.
In the German conquests over Slav lands towns were founded as nuclei of German power. In France the king, who after all stood in theory for law and order, gained enormously politically by encouraging the creation of towns, for instance the villes neuves of Louis VII. The Scottish kings probably had similar motives. In 1174, according to William of Newburgh, the most 1. This had changed by 1200. There is for instance the well-known scene of the English Richard I (not a bookish type) showing up his archbishop’s bad latinity to a court which could appreciate the joke.
A History of Scotland by Rosalind Mitchison