Download e-book for kindle: A companion to Roman Britain by Malcolm Todd

By Malcolm Todd

ISBN-10: 1405128933

ISBN-13: 9781405128933

This significant survey of the background and tradition of Roman Britain spans the interval from the 1st century BC to the 5th century AD.

  • Major survey of the background and tradition of Roman Britain
  • Brings jointly experts to supply an summary of modern debates approximately this period
  • Exceptionally vast insurance, embracing political, monetary, cultural and spiritual life
  • Focuses on alterations in Roman Britain from the 1st century BC to the 5th century AD
  • Includes pioneering reports of the human inhabitants and animal assets of the island.

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Example text

Various regional and temporal trends are apparent, however, indicating that whatever shared ideas ultimately lay behind the circular building tradition, there were significant social and cultural differences between communities (Haselgrove 2001). In southern Britain, for instance, average house size seems to decrease markedly during the Iron Age, while in northern Britain the trend is more varied. In some areas, most circular buildings seem to have been houses, while in others they had a wider range of functions, including use as animal byres and storage structures, and even as shrines The stone broch towers and some of the other substantial timber building types found in Scotland evidently had upper floors and could thus be used to overwinter animals, while the people lived above.

Calleva occupies a ‘frontier’ position in relation to the BRITAIN AND THE CONTINENT 9 Wessex chalkland not unlike that of Verulamium and Braughing–Puckeridge in relation to the Chiltern ridge. All three sites could be regarded as convenient ‘gateway communities’ between the Thames estuary zone and the rest of Britain beyond. In addition to what might be regarded as normal trade goods a range of more exotic items were brought to Britain in the period 50 B C –A D 50. These include Italian metal tableware like the silver cups from burials at Welwyn Garden City (Stead 1967) and Welwyn (Smith 1912), the bronze oenochoe (jug) and patella (pan) from burial Y at Aylesford, Kent (Evans 1890), the bronze jugs and patera from Welwyn (Smith 1912), the bronze patella from Stanfordbury (Dryden 1845) and possibly the bronze strainer and dish from Welwyn Garden City (Stead 1967: 23–7).

The length of the 3 Personal grooming was not confined to the south-east, as the manicured fingernails of the first century A D Lindow Man bog body from Cheshire demonstrate. 26 COLIN HASELGROVE earthworks around these sites leaves little doubt that they were erected as a statement of power and social exclusion, rather than for defence. In conclusion, we can see that Roman influence is behind the much greater degree of political centralization and social stratification apparent in south-east England.

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A companion to Roman Britain by Malcolm Todd

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